Us on Twitter · Join Us On Telegram. Share this post to the needy aspirants. Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth 5th Edition [Hindi Medium] PDF Click To Download. Bharat Ki Rajvayvastha by M Laxmikanth 5th Edition [Hindi] PDF Click To Download . Hw can I download Indian polity by laxmikant in plz hela. Where can I get the Hindi version of Indian Polity 5th Edition in PDF? Where can I get a UPSC book (Indian polity, geography, economy, history, etc.) in a Hindi version as a PDF? May I get the Hindi version of Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth in PDF format?.

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Indian polity book by m laxmikant in hindi pdf download भारत की राज व्यवस्था एम लष्मीकान्त द्वारा लिखित राजव्यवस्था. दोस्तों जैसा की आप लोग जानते है की Indian Constitution By M. Laxmikant की पुस्तक,IAS की तैयारी करने वालो के बीच. 1 फ़रवरी Indian Polity Notes Hindi, हम आज भारत की राजव्यवस्था torwordvanquiding.tkant द्वारा लिखित राजव्यवस्था torwordvanquiding.tkant PDF Download.

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National Commission for National Commission for STs Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities Comptroller and Auditor General of India Attorney General of India It introduced bicameralism in six out of eleven provinces.

Thus, the legislatures of Bengal, Bombay, Madras, Bihar, Assam and the United Provinces were made bicameral consisting of a legislative council upper house and a legislative assembly lower house. However, many restrictions were placed on them. It further extended the principle of communal representation by providing separate electorates for depressed classes scheduled castes , women and labour workers. The secretary of state for India was provided with a team of advisors.

It extended franchise. About 10 per cent of the total population got the voting right. It provided for the establishment of a Reserve Bank of India to control the currency and credit of the country. It provided for the establishment of a Federal Court, which was set up in This announcement was followed by the agitation by the Muslim League demanding partition of the country.

Again on June 3, , the British Government made it clear that any Constitution framed by the Constituent Assembly of India formed in cannot apply to those parts of the country which were unwilling to accept it.

On the same day June 3, , Lord Mountbatten, the viceroy of India, put forth the partition plan, known as the Mountbatten Plan. The plan was accepted by the Congress and the Muslim League.

Immediate effect was given to the plan by enacting the Indian Independence Act It ended the British rule in India and declared India as an independent and sovereign state from August 15, It provided for the partition of India and creation of two independent dominions of India and Pakistan with the right to secede from the British Commonwealth.

It abolished the office of viceroy and provided, for each dominion, a governor-general, who was to be appointed by the British King on the advice of the dominion cabinet. It empowered the Constituent Assemblies of the two dominions to frame and adopt any constitution for their respective nations and to repeal any act of the British Parliament, including the Independence act itself.

It empowered the Constituent Assemblies of both the dominions to legislate for their respective territories till the new constitutions were drafted and enforced. No Act of the British Parliament passed after August 15, was to extend to either of the new dominions unless it was extended thereto by a law of the legislature of the dominion.

It abolished the office of the secretary of state for India and transferred his functions to the secretary of state for Commonwealth Affairs. It proclaimed the lapse of British paramountcy over the Indian princely states and treaty relations with tribal areas from August 15, It granted freedom to the Indian princely states either to join the Dominion of India or Dominion of Pakistan or to remain independent.

It provided for the governance of each of the dominions and the provinces by the Government of India Act of , till the new Constitutions were framed. The dominions were however authorised to make modifications in the Act. It deprived the British Monarch of his right to veto bills or ask for reservation of certain bills for his approval. But, this right was reserved for the Governor-General. The Governor- General would have full power to assent to any bill in the name of His Majesty.

It designated the Governor-General of India and the provincial governors as constitutional nominal heads of the states. They were made to act on the advice of the respective council of ministers in all matters.

It dropped the title of Emperor of India from the royal titles of the king of England. It discontinued the appointment to civil services and reservation of posts by the secretary of state for India.

The members of the civil services appointed before August 15, would continue to enjoy all benefits that they were entitled to till that time.

At the stroke of midnight of August, , the British rule came to an end and power was transferred to the two new independent Dominions of India and Pakistan Lord Mountbatten became the first governor-general of the new Dominion of India. He swore in Jawaharlal Nehru as the first prime minister of independent India. Table 1.

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Members Portfolios Held 1. Jagjivan Ram Labour 6. Sardar Baldev Singh Defence 7. Liaquat Ali Khan Finance 9.

Chundrigar Commerce Ghaznafar Ali Khan Health The Viceroy continued to be the head of the Council. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Education 5. Shanmugham Chetty Finance 7. Ambedkar Law 8. Jagjivan Ram Labour 9. Sardar Baldev Singh Defence Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur Health Bhabha Commerce Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Communication At that time, the Civil Services of the company were classified into covenanted civil services higher civil services and uncovenan-ted civil services lower civil services.

The former was created by a law of the Company, while the later was created otherwise. Subhash C. The system of Budget was introduced in British India in A- The declaration thus stated: The policy of His Majestys Government is that of the increasing association of Indians in every branch of the administration, and the gradual development of self-government institutions, with a view to the progressive realisation of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire.

The act came into force on August 15, The boundaries between the two Dominions were determined by a Boundary Commission headed by Radcliff. I t was in that the idea of a Constituent Assembly for India was put forward for the first time by M.

Governance in India by laxmikant PDF

Roy, a pioneer of communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democratism. In , Jawaharlal Nehru, on behalf the INC declared that the Constitution of free India must be framed, without outside interference, by a Constituent Assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise. The demand was finally accepted in principle by the British Government in what is known as the August Offer of The Cripps Proposals were rejected by the Muslim League which wanted India to be divided into two autonomous states with two separate Constituent Assemblies.

Finally, a Cabi-net Mission was sent to India. While it rejected the idea of two Constituent Assemblies, it put forth a scheme for the Constituent Assembly which more or less satisfied the Muslim League. The features of the scheme were: 1.

The total strength of the Constituent Assembly was to be Of these, seats were to be allotted to British India and 93 seats to the Princely States. Out of seats allotted to the British India, members were to be drawn from the eleven governors provinces 2 from the four chief commissioners provinces 3 , one from each.

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Each province and princely state or group of states in case of small states were to be allotted seats in proportion to their respective population. Roughly, one seat was to be allotted for every million population.

Seats allocated to each British province were to be decided among the three principal communitiesMuslims, Sikhs and general all except Muslims and Sikhs , in proportion to their population. The representatives of each community were to be elected by members of that community in the provincial legislative assembly and voting was to be by the method of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote.

The representatives of princely states were to be nominated by the heads of the princely states. It is thus clear that the Constituent Assembly was to be a partly elected and partly nominated body. Moreover, the members were to be indirectly elected by the members of the provincial assemblies, who themselves were elected on a limited franchise 4.

The Indian National Congress won seats, the Muslim League 73 seats, and the small groups and independents got the remaining 15 seats.

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However, the 93 seats allotted to the princely states were not filled as they decided to stay away from the Constituent Assembly. The Muslim League boycotted the meeting and insisted on a separate state of Pakistan. The meeting was thus attended by only members. Dr Sachchidan-and Sinha, the oldest member, was elected as the temporary President of the Assembly, following the French practice.

It laid down the fundamentals and philosophy of the constitutional structure. It read: 1. This Constituent Assembly declares its firm and solemn resolve to proclaim India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to draw up for her future governance a Constitution: 2.It provided for the adoption of dyarchy at the Centre.

This is a great website for all student who is going to prepare the exam of SSC. The process was described as nomination made on the recommendation of certain bodies 6. The names of these committees and their chairmen are given below : Major Committees 1. Dr Sachchidan-and Sinha, the oldest member, was elected as the temporary President of the Assembly, following the French practice. It provided that the companys territories in India were held by it in trust for His Majesty, His heirs and successors.

However, the 93 seats allotted to the princely states were not filled as they decided to stay away from the Constituent Assembly.

The system of Budget was introduced in British India in The laws made under the previous acts were called as Regulations while laws made under this act were called as Acts. Notify me of new posts by email.